Relational Thinking in Problem Solving Mathematics based on Adversity Quotient and Visual Learning Style

Inggar Dwi Pradika(1Mail), Siti M Amin(2), Siti Khabibah(3),
(1) Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Indonesia
(2) Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Indonesia
(3) Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Indonesia

Mail Corresponding Author
Copyright (c) 2019 Inggar Dwi Pradika, Siti M.Amin, Siti Khabibah


Full Text:  
Pages: 161-164
Language : en


The purpose of this study is to describe the relational thinking profile of students of Quitter-Visual, Camper-Visual and Climber-Visual type in solving mathematical problems based on Polya rules. To support the research, we use qualitative descriptive method involving 30 students of grade V SDN Sawahan I Surabaya. The data were collected using math skill test and interview. The results show that, Climber-Visual type students are able to apply all polya steps properly and correctly and Camper-Visual type students are only able to understand the problem and implement it while the Quitter-Visual type students are less able to understand the problem and abandon it. The result is caused by students' endurance in facing difficulties. The findings of this study can be used to map effective and efficient learning methods.


Relational Thinking, Adversity Quotient ,Visual Learning Styles


Carpenter, Tomas P.,Megan Loef Franke, and Linda Levi (2003) . Thinking mathematically: integrating arithmetic & algebra in elementary school. Portsmouth: Heinemann.

De Porter, B, & Hernarcki, M. (2004). Quantum Learning : Familiarize Study Convenient and Fun. Bandung: Kaifa

Uno, Hamzah B. (2008). New Orientation in Learning Psychology. Jakarta : Bumi Aksara.

Hayati, T. R., & Kamid, K. (2019). Analysis of Mathematical Literacy Processes in High School Students. International Journal of Trends in Mathematics Education Research, 2(3), 116-119.

Hasan, B. (2019). The Analysis of Students’ Critical Thinking Ability with Visualizer-Verbalizer Cognitive style in Mathematics. International Journal of Trends in Mathematics Education Research, 2(3), 142-148.

Hiebert, James, & Thomas P. Carpenter.(1992). Learning and teaching with understanding. In Handbook of research on mathematics teaching and learning, 65-97. Edited by Douglas A. Grouws. New York: Macmillan.

Koehler, Julie L. (2004) . Learning to think relationally: thinking relationally to learn. (Dissertation Research Proposal, University of Wisconsin-Madison).

Miles, M. B., & Huberman, A. M. (1992). Qualitative Data Anarchy: The Source Book About New Methods. Translation by Tjetjep Rohendi Rohedi. Jakarta: UI Press.

Moleong, L.,.J. (2011). Qualitative Research Methodology (Revised Edition). Bandung: Rosdakarya.

Molina, M., Castro, E., & Ambrose, R. (2005). Enriching Arithmetic Learning by Promoting Relational Thinking. The International Journal of Learning 12(5), 265-270.

Pangma, R., Tayraukham, S., & Nuangchalem, P. (2009). Causal Factors Influencing Adversity Quotient of Twelfth Grade and Third Year Vocational Students. Journal of Social Sciences 5 (4): 466-470.

Polya, G. (1973). How To Solve It (A New Aspect of Mathematical Method). New Jersey : Priceton University Press.

Stoltz, P. G. (1997). Adversity Quotient: Turning Obstacles into Opportunities Canada : John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Kaur, Navjot & Shivinder Phoolka.(2012). Adversity Quotient : A new paradigma to explore. International journal of Contemporary Business Studies Vol :3, No :4. ISSN 2156-7506.

Gilakjani, Abbas Pourhossein.(2011). Visual, Auditory, Kinesthetic Learning Style and Their impact on English Language Teaching. Journal of Studies in Education Vol 2, No.1 ISSN 2162-6952.

Ahmadi, S. Masoumeh. (2011). The Effect of Visual, Auditory, and Kinaesthetic Learning Styles on Language Teaching. International Conference on Social Science and Humanity IPEDR vol.5 IACSIT Press, Singapore.

Clemons, Stephanie A. (2004). Developing On-Line Courses for Visual/Kinesthetic Learners: A Case Study. International Journal of Instructional Technology and Distance Learning vol Vol. 1. No. 11 ISSN 1550-6908.

Farahat, Eman., Anne Ille & Bernard Thon. (2004). Effect of visual and kinesthetic imagery on the learning of a patterned movement. Journal International Sport Psychool 35: 119-132.

Peacock, M. (2001). Match or mismatch? Learning styles and teaching styles in EFL. International Journal of Applied Linguistics, 11 (1), 1-20. Plains, NY: Longman.

Schumann, J. (1999). A perspective on affect. In J. Arnold (Ed.) Affect in language learning . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Huijuan, Zhou. (2009) The adversity quotient and academic performance among college students at St. Joseph’s College, Quezon City, Ph.D Universiti Kebangsaan, Malaysia, Available at :

Markman, Gideon. (2000). Adversity Quotient: The role of personal bounce-back ability in new venture formation, Human Resousce Management Review, Vol.13( 2),2003, pp. 281-301.

Riadi, A., Atini, N.,L.,& Ferita, R. A. (2019). Thinking Skills of Junior High School Students Related to Gender. International Journal of Trends in Mathematics Education Research, 2(3), 112-115.

Seery, Mark D., Holman, E. Alison and Silver, Roxane Cohen.(2010). Whatever does not kill us: cumulative lifetime adversity, vulnerability and resilience. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol 99(6) : 1025-1041.

Article Metrics

 Abstract Views : 516 times
 PDF Downloaded : 306 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.